Solar pumping is an ideal solution, as it allows the efficient and profitable use of solar energy. The advantages of solar pumping are numerous, among which its efficiency, reliability, low maintenance cost and its reduced environmental impact stand out.
This system uses a pump that harnesses the sun’s energy to move water from an aquifer or body of water to the surface. This technique is commonly used for solar irrigation, fire suppression, and water supply. Solar pumping can be used in both rural and urban areas. Another benefit is that the equipment is relatively easy to install and maintain.
There are many advantages of solar pumping. It does not produce any type of contamination. It is very efficient as there are no energy losses due to transmission. It is also very reliable as there is no mechanical movement of any kind that can fail. Solar pumping is silent and requires minimal maintenance.
The components of the solar pumping system include a pump unit, a solar photovoltaic panel and a charge controller. The pump unit is responsible for pumping the water from the well to the surface, while the photovoltaic solar panel is responsible for converting solar energy into electricity that is used to move the pump unit. The charge controller maintains solar energy from the photovoltaic panel in the batteries, allowing the system to work even when sunlight is not available.
CALCULATION OF A SOLAR PUMPING PROJECT
To make this calculation we need the following data:
Knowing these data, the calculation of the pumping kit that we will need for each particular case is made.
In this process, decisions will be made on the number of solar panels that we will use and the time that this system will work (all year or seasonal).